Violence Against Women: A Global Crisis and a Challenge for Evaluators
Session Number: 10009
Track: Presidential Strand
Session Type: Panel
Session Chair: Donna M Mertens [Gallaudet University]
Discussant: Michael Bamberger, Dr. [independent consultant]
Presenter 1: Sharlene Hesse-Biber [Boston College]
Presenter 2: Brian Heilman [ICRW]
Presenter 3: Tessie Tzavaras Catsambas [EnCompass LLC]
Presenter 4: Shelah Bloom [Carolina Population Center]
Time: Oct 17, 2014 (08:00 AM - 09:30 AM)
Room: Capitol 4
Abstract 1 Title: A culture of violence and the structural roots of gender-based violence
Presentation Abstract 1: We adopt a “ Culture of Violence” approach targeting societal and community institutions that oppress and devalue women as opposed to focusing on individualist explanations blaming women for their own oppression.
We briefly examine U.S. domestic sex trafficking. Most women recruited by the U.S. sex trafficking industry, that ranges from large-scale crime organizations and sex tourism to small networks of “pimps”, are American-born minors. We examine several successful programs that focus on the “demand” side of sex trafficking—targeting “Johns” who hire sexual services of female trafficking victims.
We also address the rise in sexual assaults on US college campuses. Approximately one in four college women will experience some form of gender violence, yet colleges and universities are slow to respond, report and prevent these attacks. A student who attended The White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault will discuss the impact of bystander intervention prevention programs.
Abstract 2 Title: Engaging men and boys in the prevention of gender-based violence: Opportunities, challenges and risks for programmers and evaluators.
Presentation Abstract 2: Policymakers and programmers working to end the global epidemic of gender-based violence are now embracing the idea that men and boys can be allies, rather than obstacles, to their work. As many programs emerge to support men who strive for communities free of violence, and as evaluations point toward effective ways to transform the harmful attitudes underlying other men’s use of violence, lessons are emerging. Drawing heavily on international examples, this presentation will first summarize the major trends in this program approach, pointing to opportunities for increased scale and effectiveness in future work. Second, the presentation will shed light on salient challenges and risks for practitioners as well as evaluators connected to this approach. Finally, in line with the panel’s objective, it will draw on the same opportunities, challenges, and risks to propose recommendations for evaluators seeking to incorporate an awareness of gender and violence into their work more broadly.
Abstract 3 Title: Addressing and responding to gender-based violence in HIV prevention, care and treatment programs
Presentation Abstract 3: AIDSTAR One http://www.aidstar-one.com/ developed a guide to help the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) program managers address and respond to GBV within HIV prevention, care, and treatment programs. The framework presents a comprehensive framework for integrating systemic questions that integrate GBV in evaluation practice including through direct queries of GBV survivors, community participatory inquiry to understand the root causes of violence, capacity assessment for service providers, and analysis of policy to assess the capacity of the enabling environment for preventing, addressing, and ultimately end GBV. The systemic framework presented offers evaluators lines of inquiry they can adapt for any evaluation. The presentation will share the framework, and then provide a field example of its application.
Abstract 4 Title: Designing quality monitoring and evaluation systems to prevent and respond to gender-based violence
Presentation Abstract 4: The last decade has seen an increased commitment to programmatic and policy efforts directed at preventing and responding to GBV, by donor organizations such as USAID, WHO, and other UN affiliates. However, there is a dearth of rigorous evaluations of GBV programming, resulting in a lack of data to support evidence for best practices in the field. Most of these programs do not have quality M&E systems that are capable of effectively tracking progress in attaining their stated objectives. Even fewer programs have been rigorously evaluated. The focus of this presentation will be on what is needed to monitor and evaluate efforts to prevent and respond to GBV.
Violence against women (VAW) and gender based violence (GBV) are among the most serious political, psycho-social and economic challenges facing countries in the 21st Century. Yet, despite their pervasiveness, VAW and GBV are often not considered priority issues in evaluations in sectors such labor markets and employment, education, and access to public services, where GBV may be a serious issue. Many evaluations either do not address these issues or use data collection methods unsuited to capture data on sensitive issues such as domestic or public violence, or gender politics in the labor market. In this panel four leading specialists will discuss the nature of VAW and GBV in different contexts: human trafficking and the sex trade, sexual assaults on college campuses; GBV within HIV prevention; engaging men and boys in the prevention of GBV; and how to improve the quality of VAW and GBV monitoring and evaluation.
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